Body composition is one of the main fitness assessment tools that helps you achieve your overall goals. The Recreation Center offers two of these body composition assessments.
The waist-to-hip (WHR) is a comparison between the circumference of the waist to the circumference of the hip. This ratio best represents the distribution of body weight, and perhaps, body fat, on an individual. The pattern of body weight distribution is recognized as an important predictor of risk for obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and coronary artery disease compared with individuals who are of equal weight but have more of their weight distributed on their extremities.
This test measures your subcutaneous body fat (fat directly beneath the skin). Since subcutaneous body fat is indicative of total body fat, a skinfold measurement is a very precise way of knowing the amount of fat in your body. Our personal trainers take measurements at seven different sites to ensure the most accurate results.
Like all muscles, your heart adapts to the demands placed on it. When you perform cardiovascular exercise regularly, your heart becomes stronger and more efficient at pumping blood to the organs that depend on a strong blood supply to function. Building cardiovascular endurance dramatically decreases your risk for cardiovascular disease. We offer two tests that help identify your endurance level so you know exactly where you stand in order to make a plan for overall improvement. The two tests which are offered in this facility are the One Mile Walk Test and the 3-Minute Step Test.
One Mile Walk Test
In this test, an individual walks one mile as fast as possible. The Personal Trainers measure and record your heart rate during the last quarter mile, and record the number of minutes needed to complete the 1-mile walk. It's easy, fun and a good indicator of your cardiorespiratory fitness.
3-Minute Step Test
This test assesses your fitness level based on how quickly your heart rate recovers after exercise. The more fit you are, the quicker your heart rate will return to normal post exercise. The personal trainer will use a metronome to set the pace that you are stepping on and off the step for three continuous minutes. Upon completion of the test, your heart rate is evaluated to determine your cardiorespiratory level.
Muscular fitness is a health-related fitness component because it improves or maintains the following:
The American College of Sports Medicine has included muscular fitness in its recent position on the quantity and quality of exercise necessary to achieve and maintain fitness. Tests allowing few repetitions of a task are measuring strength, while those in which great numbers of repetitions can be done are measuring endurance.
Muscular Strength and Endurance
The assessment of muscular strength and endurance represents a continuum with "muscular strength" at one end of the assessment scale and "muscular endurance" at the other. Muscular strength refers to the amount of force a muscle can produce against a resistance one time. Examples of muscular strength include lifting yourself our of a chair, pushing a heavy object, or lifting in the gym. Here at the Recreation Center, a bench press is used to measure upper body strength and, a leg press is used to measure lower body strength.
Muscular endurance refers to the ability to sustain multiple muscular contractions over an extended period of time until exhaustion. The curl up and push up tests are examples of assessments which measure muscular endurance.
An increase in flexibility will aid in avoiding injury and discomfort. Without stretching, tendons, ligaments and muscles will shorten, causing damage over time. Proper stretching has many health benefits, including the following:
The sit-and-reach test has been commonly used to assess low back and hip-joint flexibility. This test measures the range of motion of the hips as the upper body is bent forward over legs in a seated position.